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지역별식물/제주도 식물

큰개구리발톱(미나리아재비과 개구리발톱속) Semiaquilegia quelpaertensis D.C.Son & K.H.Lee

by 여왕벌. 2022. 12. 20.

 2014. 4. 9. 제주.

 

오래 전 제주의 습한 곶자왈 바닥에서 만났던 개구리발톱이다.

그 동안 개구리발톱으로 정리해 두었지만 이 녀석의 얕게 갈라진 잎 모양으로 2017년에 신종으로 발표된 큰개구리밥으로 보인다.

 

개구리발톱 Semiaquilegia adoxoides (DC.) Makino 큰개구리발톱 Semiaquilegia quelpaertensis D.C.Son & K.H.Lee
지하경이 1.5cm로 짧다 지하경이 3-5cm로 길다
잎 열편이 심열(깊게 갈라짐) 한다 잎 열편이 천열(얕게 갈라짐)한다
꽃 크기 4-6mm 
수술  8-14개 
꽃이 8-10mm로 상대적으로 크다 
수술이 16-22개
종자 1mm
종자 표면의 주름이 약하다
종자 1.5~2.0mm
종자 표면의 주름이 개구리발톱에 비해 현저히 나타난다

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

잎의 열편이 얕고 전체적으로 동글동글하다.

 

 

개구리발톱
큰개구리발톱

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

논문에 실린 큰개구리발톱 세밀화

출처 https://phytokeys.pensoft.net/article/21004/zoom/fig/11/    

    https://doi.org/10.3897/phytokeys.89.21004  

 

Morphological data of Semiaquilegia spp.

Species   S. adoxoides     S. guangxiensis     S. quelpaertensis
         
  S. adoxoides 개구리발톱 S. guangxiensis
중국 신분류군
S. quelpaertensis
큰개구리발톱
Source Makino (1902) This study Huang et al. (2017) This study
Underground stem
땅속줄기
thick, 1.5 cm in diameter thin, 1–2 cm long, 0.3–0.5 cm in diameter thick, 2–5 cm long, 0.5–2 cm in diameter thick, 3–5 cm long, 0.6–1 cm in diameter
Basal leaves 잎 ternate; leaf blade suborbicular or reniform, 1–3.5 cm long, 2–4.5 cm wide; segments incised ternate or biternate; leaf blade ovate, suborbicular or reniform, both length and width 1.2–3.0 cm; segments incised ternate, rarely biternate; leaf blade ovate to triangular ovate , both length and width 3–9.5 cm; segments shallower lobed ternate; leaf blade ovate to triangular ovate, both length and width 2–3.5 cm; segments shallower lobed
Flower 4–6.5 mm in diameter 4–6 mm in diameter 15–25 mm in diameter 8–10 mm in diameter
Pedicel꽃자루 0.3–1.2 cm long 1–2.5 cm long 2.5–12 cm long 0.8–2.5 cm long
Sepals꽃받침 oblong-lanceolate, 4–6.5 mm long; apex obtuse, but sometimes acute narrowly elliptic, 4–6 mm long, 1.2–2.5 mm wide; apex acute broadly elliptic or obovate, 10–20 mm long, 5–10 mm wide; apex rounded or obtuse narrowly elliptic, 7–8 mm long, 3.0–3.5 mm wide; apex obtuse
Petals꽃잎 spatulate, 3.0–3.5 mm long, yellow, apex truncate spatulate, 2.5–3.5 mm long, yellow, base cystic, apex subtruncate, not folded spatulate, 4–6 mm long, yellow, base tubular, apex retuse, ventrally folded spatulate, 3.0–3.5 mm long, yellow, base cystic, apex subtruncate, not folded
Androecium수술 9–14, inserted into petals; staminodes 1–4, half as long as stamen 8–14, inserted into petals; staminodes 2, as long as filaments 20–30, exserted from petals; staminodes ca. 10, 1/2 as long as filaments 16–22, inserted into petals; staminodes (4–)6, 1/2–2/3 as long as filaments
Anther colour꽃밥색 light yellow yellow yellow or blackish yellow
Follicle 9–10 mm long, ca. 3 mm wide 6–7 mm long, ca. 2 mm wide ca. 10 mm long, ca. 3 mm wide 7–9 mm long, ca. 3 mm wide
Seeds종자 1.5 mm long, rugose ca.1 mm long, rugose ca. 1.5–2.5 mm long, densely rugose ca.1.5–2.0 mm long, conspicuously rugose

 

개구리발톱 : http://blog.daum.net/qweenbee/8889488       http://blog.daum.net/qweenbee/8887746

       http://blog.daum.net/qweenbee/8891361     http://blog.daum.net/qweenbee/8893135          

http://blog.daum.net/qweenbee/8897158        https://qweenbee.tistory.com/8909858     

http://blog.daum.net/qweenbee/8900574        http://blog.daum.net/qweenbee/8904728     

https://qweenbee.tistory.com/8909859  

개구리발톱 열매 : http://blog.daum.net/qweenbee/8893447

개구리발톱 새싹 : http://blog.daum.net/qweenbee/8891232    http://blog.daum.net/qweenbee/8895215

            https://qweenbee.tistory.com/8895154       https://qweenbee.tistory.com/8909985

 

큰개구리발톱 : https://qweenbee.tistory.com/8895461   

큰개구리발톱 새싹 : https://qweenbee.tistory.com/8909984